8 prehistoric sites identified in NW Iran

Tehran, Nov 25, IRNA – Eight specific prehistoric sites from the New Neolithic period, Copper and Stone era, the ancient Bronze Age (the Kura–Araxes culture), the Middle and New Bronze Age with the Kurgan tradition of the second millennium BC as well as significant works of the Iron Age were discovered in the city of Sarab, East Azarbaijan Province.

The Public Relations Office of the Research Institute of Cultural Heritage and Tourism (RICHT) quoted Akbar Abedi, head of the archeology team as saying that the first season of archeological explorations was conducted in Sarab with an aim of identifying the structure of the obsidian mines in the city of Sarab.

He went on to say that the survey which was mainly conducted with an aim of identifying the possible obsidian mines around the two volcanic mountains of Sahand and Sabalan, and the possible use of prehistoric people in northwest Iran of these resources, rendered outstanding results.

The origin of most of the obsidian tools of the prehistoric sites in northwest Iran has been determined with regard to the neighborhood with the rich obsidian resources in Armenia and East Anatolia, he said.

He noted that since the two volcanic mountains of Sahand and Sabalan as the two main candidates for the existence of obsidian and their use in the prehistoric era was the point in consideration, the aforementioned survey was conducted with the same purpose.

Abedi referred to the discovery of two obsidian mines in the vicinity of the volcanic Sabalan as one of the most important and valuable findings of the study which was discovered for the first time in northwest of Iran.

He said given that identification of ancient mines is of great importance in archeological and archaeological studies, therefore finding of the two mines will render great help to the archeologists in understanding the condition of extraction and utilization of local obsidian sources, especially for the people in the Neolithic Age up to the Old Bronze Age.

Abedi also referred to the discovery of eight specific prehistoric sites from the New Neolithic period, Copper and Stone era, the ancient Bronze Age (the Kura–Araxes culture), the Middle and New Bronze Age with the Kurgan tradition of the second millennium BC as well as significant works of the Iron Age were discovered in the city of Sarab, East Azarbaijan Province.

Certainly better understanding of the culture of prehistoric people in that area is in need of more extensive archeological studies and research works, he noted.

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