Poldokhtar Grand Square belonging to Islamic Century, Ilkhanid Era

Tehran, Aug 28, IRNA - The dispersion of surface pottery in the area of ​​the Grand Square of the city of Poldokhtar, Lorestan Province, shows that the area, after a lengthy delay, was inhabited again in the second century of Islamic period up to the end of the Ilkhanid era.

Amir Mansouri Kounani, head of the probing team to determine the limits and propose the privacy of the site of the Grand Square of Poldokhtar, was quoted by the Public Relations Office of the Research Institute of Cultural Heritage and Tourism (RICHT) as saying on Monday that ancient sites contained mysterious writings of the past life and the national identity of the ancestors that are in the possession of people or government organizations and are in need of permanent protection to prevent human destructive measures.

The archeologist further remarked that the Grand Square site is among the important enclosures of Jaydar Village in the central part of Poldokhtar and in strategic terms is overlooking the entire valley of Jaydar Rivers and communication passages which possess specific cultural-historical potentials.

He added that Jaydar region (former name for Poldokhtar plain) and the Grand Square, which were referred to for the first time in Sir Henry Rawlinson’s reports, were registered in the List of National Monuments in 1385 (2006-2007).

He furthered the issuance of speculation for the purpose of determining the area and the proposal to protect the area of ​​the great square by the Archaeological Institute and chairman of the cultural heritage and tourism research institute in July this year.

According to the archaeologist, given the fact that the ancient works on the local area and surrounding villages have not been identified on the map of the conductor's plan, maintaining the arena and specifying the territory of the big square in order to prevent the risk of excessive expansion of the residential space of the village square.

According to Mansouri Kounani, the geographical area of ​​the Jaydar, which is located between the provinces of Lorestan and Ilam overlooking Khuzestan route at the confluence of the Seymareh, Kashkan and Karkheh rivers, has been of great importance in ancient times.

He noted that favorable environmental conditions has provided a desirable situation for the settlement and production of food to such an extent that the entire ancient territory has provided settlement to a massive crowd of the population from a long time ago up to the recent time.

He went on to say that in terms of geomorphology, hydrology and agriculture, the lands of this area are very rich, and the soil of this region has alfisols and molasses which has made this region fertile.

Mansouri Kounani, referring to the importance of the pottery findings in the area of the Grand Square from the ancient Parthian era said such pottery with regard to their technical characteristics and typology, are like coin in the archeological studies of the Parthia era in Iran.

He continued by saying that with regard to the oldest cultural-technological exchanges in the historical and Islamic period, it seems that the area under study, due to its privileged geographical location in the past and its location on the route which connected north and south of Iran, the central plateau and Mesopotamia and displacement of the population through communication bridged over Kashkan and Seymareh rivers, it has always encouraged human societies to select the area for their settlement.

Referring to the documents presented which well shows the importance of the area, he said the enclosure of the Grand Square is one of the important settlements in Lorestan with rich evidence from the ancient Parthian era up to the early and middle Islamic period.

The archeologist noted that due to the suitable landscape of the area with cultural-historical sites of Jaydar as well as the Grand Square which together make a beautiful view, it is proposed that in order to preserve such magnificence not only the limits of the road should be determined but the constructions in the area should be removed as such that the landscape of the site would receive no damage.

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