Unique adobe wall discovered in Isfahan's Tappeh Ashraf

Tehran, Aug 25, IRNA - The archeologists involved in the sixth season of archeological exploration on Tappeh Ashraf (Ashraf Hill), Isfahan, have discovered a unique adobe wall which is highly important in specifying the age and study of the history of the city of Isfahan.

The Public Relations Office of the Research Institute of Cultural Heritage and Tourism (RICHT) quoted Alireza Jaafari Zand, head of the archeology team, as saying on Saturday that after a delay of three years, the sixth exploration season was conducted upon a permit received from the head of the RICHT with the focus on the southwest side.

Despite the seven hectares span of Tappeh Ashraf, the points for the drilling of the boreholes were selected based on the understanding of the relationship between the architectural spheres of the northern side with that of the southern side of the hill and chronology of the hill was also on the agenda, he noted.

This archeologist referred to pieces of illustrated pottery belonging to the third century BC as one of the most important findings in the past seasons of archeological explorations.

He added that due to the disturbed position of the layers where the pottery pieces were discovered, the team was looking for an intact layer in order to study the type of the pottery in the layer of the mentioned period.

Referring to the drilling of a well outside the wall of the hill in the second exploration season for the construction of a sewage well for the sanitary containers located on the southwest side of the hill, jaafari said in that place several pieces of illustrated pottery dating back to the third century BC were discovered.

According to him, for this same reason the focus of the archeology team in the sixth exploration season was on the area around the well and exploration operations began by digging a 10x10 trench.

He went on to say that in the depth of 210 cm on the northern wall of the trench, there appeared remains of a damaged adobe wall of which four rows of adobes were in place with 40x40x10 adobes which were not observed in the previous seasons.

“Therefore”, he added, “We came across a new phenomenon in Tappeh Ashraf which is very important in the chronology of the hill.”

He reiterated that although the details of its architecture is not known and needs further explorations in the coming seasons, this in itself reflects the diversity of the type of architecture and diversity in the materials used in the architecture of Tappeh Ashraf.

Jaafari emphasized that since this finding has not precedence in the city of Isfahan, it is highly important in the study of the architectural history of the city.

According to the archeologist, the illustrated pottery fragments which have been discovered in the area could help chronology of the works on Tappeh Ashraf.

In conclusion, he said the pottery fragments which have been discovered in the exploration operations date back to the third century BC up to the end of the Sassanid era which indicates that the southern side of Tappeh Ashraf had not been taken into consideration in the Islamic era.

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