IAEA: Iran sticking to nuclear deal

Tehran, Aug 31, IRNA - Iran has complied by its nuclear deal with world powers through keeping its uranium stockpile and production capacity below set thresholds, according to United Nations nuclear watchdog latest report on Thursday.

'The Agency continues to verify the non-diversion of declared nuclear material at the nuclear facilities and locations outside facilities where nuclear material is customarily used (LOFs) declared by Iran under its Safeguards Agreement,' said the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) in its latest report on Iran's nuclear activities after implementation of the landmark nuclear deal since Snajuary 2016.

'Evaluations regarding the absence of undeclared nuclear material and activities for Iran remained ongoing. Since Implementation Day, the Agency has been verifying and monitoring the implementation by Iran of its nuclear-related commitments under the JCPOA,' said the report which was presented to the IAEA Board of Governors by the agency's Director General Yukiya Amano.

it said, 'Iran has not pursued the construction of the Arak heavy water research reactor (IR-40 Reactor)
based on its original design. Iran has not produced or tested natural uranium pellets, fuel pins or
fuel assemblies specifically designed for the support of the IR-40 Reactor as originally designed, and
all existing natural uranium pellets and fuel assemblies have remained in storage under continuous
Agency monitoring.'

'Throughout the reporting period, Iran had no more than 130 metric tonnes of heavy water. Iran has not carried out activities related to reprocessing at the Tehran Research Reactor (TRR) and the Molybdenum, Iodine and Xenon Radioisotope Production (MIX) Facility or at any of the other facilities it has declared to the Agency.'

The report verified, 'Iran has not enriched uranium above 3.67% U-235.'

'The Agency has continued to have regular access to relevant buildings at Natanz, including all of FEP and the Pilot Fuel Enrichment Plant (PFEP), and performed daily access upon Agency request. The Agency has also continued to have regular access to FFEP, including daily access upon Agency request.'

Verification of the agreement by the International Atomic Energy Agency, may come as a surprise to the US administration. President Donald Trump said earlier this month he didn’t consider Iran in compliance and dispatched his UN envoy to convey his concerns.

“Iran has conducted its enrichment activities in line with its long-term enrichment and R&D enrichment plan” agreed with world powers, according to the six-page restricted document published in Vienna.

IAEA inspectors use site visits, remote monitoring, containment seals and satellite imagery to verify that Iran stays within nuclear production and capacity limits agreed with diplomats from China, the European Union, Russia and the US. They've produced eight reports since January 2016 showing that Iran is in broad compliance with the accord, called the JCPOA.

Iran’s stockpile of 3.7-percent low-enriched uranium stood at 88.4 kilograms (194.9 pounds) as of August 21, below the 300 kilogram limit set by the JCPOA. Its number of operating centrifuges--the fast-spinning machines that separate the uranium-235 isotopes used in fission--was below the limit of 5,060 set by the accord.

'Throughout the reporting period, Iran’s total enriched uranium stockpile has not exceeded 300 kg of UF6 enriched up to 3.67% U-235 (or the equivalent in different chemical forms). The quantity of 300 kg of UF6 corresponds to 202.8 kg of uranium.

'As of 21 August 2017, the quantity of Iran’s uranium enriched up to 3.67% U-235 was 88.4 kg, based on the JCPOA and decisions of the Joint Commission,' the IAEA verifies in its latest quarterly report on Thursday.

US Ambassador to UN Nikki Haley met IAEA Director General Yukiya Amano on August 23 to convey US concerns over the agreement, which rolled back Iranian nuclear capabilities in exchange for sanctions relief. Other signatories to the deal subsequently voiced their support for the accord.

“The deal with Iran shows the way, the European way to foreign policy,” said European Union foreign policy chief Federica Mogherini, who also chairs the deal’s so-called Joint Commission, its forum to settle conflicts should they arise.

“This was not an agreement between two countries, I have repeated it time and again and I have the impression that we will need to repeat it time and again in the months to come,” she said on Monday. “This is a matter of international security, international safety, and also a matter of credibility of international agreements.”

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