Historic resolution at UNSC

Tehran, July 22, IRNA - Members of the UN Security Council on Monday passed Resolution 2231 unanimously to endorse a nuclear deal reached between Iran and six world powers in Vienna last week. This is the first time that the UNSC backs an agreement signed by several countries within the framework of a resolution.

In an article by By Yousef Molaei on its Wednesday edition, the Tehran-based English newspaper Iran Daily wrote, “The historic resolution was issued under Article 25 of the UN Charter, a binding article for all UN members by which all member states must abide by UNSC decisions.
Parts of Resolution 2231 fall under Article 41 revoking the resolutions that imposed sanctions on Iran under Chapter VII of the UN Charter.
The UNSC, based on the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), will lift sanctions within a period of ten years during which verifications will be carried out with regards Iran’s nuclear energy program.
The sanctions, however, can be restored but it should go through a complicated and lengthy process if Iran fails to comply with the terms of the deal. The reversibility applies to Iran as well, i.e. if the other party fails to fulfill its commitments as stipulated in the deal, Iran is entitled to resume its nuclear activities.
In fact, all disagreements will be first discussed in meetings then will be reviewed by a joint committee. If the committee fails to resolve disagreements then they will be put to vote at the UNSC.
Resolutions that are issued under Chapter VII are linked to Article 41 of the UN Charter. Therefore, US Congress cannot challenge Resolution 2231 and invalidate decisions and agreements made at the UNSC.
UNSC resolutions, apart from their legally-binding consequences for member states can be of great importance. The recent resolution which deals with Iran and the JCPOA is seen as a great achievement for the Islamic Republic. The resolution is the result of an agreement reached by Iran and five permanent members of the UNSC plus Germany.
If the United States fails to live up to its commitments made under the JCPOA, an agreement endorsed by the UNSC, it would be a severe blow to its credibility and political prestige in the international arena. Such a failure would have grave consequences for global diplomacy. “
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